Animal bones at Indian Mesolithic Sites
Any mesolithic areas also discovered remains of wild and domesticated animals. However, the view of authorities on the identification of animal species varies considerably.
The mesolithic background here goes back to the fifth and fourth thousand years BCE. The recognition of animal bones varies. There are different views. P.K.-P.K. The domesticated cattle and sheep were described by Thomas. Bones of wild boar and pig, elephant, black beetle, and gazelle, deer spotted, sambar, hare, Indian fox mongoose and Indian fox were also found on this site.
Porcupines, rodents, tortoises, fish and frogs belong to some animals. R.D. The existence of these domesticated species is not listed by the Shah, but list river turtles and monitor the lizard.
Tilwara: according to V.N Mishra, the late mesolithic level gave evidence of wild goat, a canid, pig, spotted deer, hog deer, mongoose, and domesticated humped cattle. Thomas only reported cattle and goat from this site.
Langhnaj (North Gujrat): The mesolithic context in which the animal bones were found was dated 2550-2185 BCE. Only wild animals were represented. This includes a canid, mongoose, rhinoceros, wild boar, chital, hog deer, swamp deer, Neel Gai, and black bug. The presence of wild buffalo or wild cattle has also been suggested. V.N Mishra suggested that the climate the area during mesolithic times must have been arid.
The appearance of the rhinoceros and the likelihood of water buffalo dispute the hypothesis, however. Wide sections of marschland and grassland are considered to benefit the rhinocéros. The animal bone at Langhnaj proposed the region to be covered by an interspersed wetland mixture of savanna and woodland.
Kanwal (North Gujrat): the site has given evidence of bones of rhinoceros, buffalo, spotted deer, swamp deer, Neel Gai, and wild boar. Bones of domesticated cattle, sheep, and goats have also been identified. The occurrence of camel bones is interesting and shows contact with people using these animals.
Lothar and Ratanpur (North Gujrat): Bones of domesticated sheep, goats, and cattle have been recently reported from this site.
Here, along with those from wild animals such as wild deer, basses, barasingha, sambar, porcupine and here, lizards and members of the Equus members, Azamgarh (MP): domesticated cattle, sheep, goat, pig and dogs have been recorded. For these findings, the first one in the 6th millennium BC and the second in the 1st millennium BC, are two very separate radiocarbon periods. The evidence for early animal domestication in Adamgarh was disputed due to unclear dates and stratigraphical observations.
Bhimbetka (MP): This site has given bones of domesticated cattle along with those of wild animals such as barasingha, hog deer, and rhinoceros. It is interesting to note that mesolithic paintings at this site have representations of Indian humped cattle (zebu) as well as its wild progenitor, Bos namadicus.
Sarai Nahar Rai, maharana, and dam dama (UP): The faunal evidence from these sites is controversial. K.R. Alur identified wild cattle and sheep/goat. According to U.C. Chattopadhayaya, there is no evidence of sheep or goat, wild or domesticated, at these three sites.
Thomas and Jogleker identified over 30 species including cattle, gaur, goat, gazelle, chital, sambar, barking, deer, moose, deer, rhinoceros, wild boar, pygmy hog, hippopotamus, elephant, wolf, jackal, sloth bear, porcupine, rat, and bandicoot. No domesticated animals are represented.
Chopin Mando (up): Bones of wild cattle and goat/sheep are reported from this site.